Author Archives: Rocio Gallegos, MD

Long-Term Immune Response to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination Is Unaffected by Pregnancy, Study Finds

The long-term immune response to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccination was similar in pregnant individuals compared with non-pregnant individuals of reproductive age, according to a study by investigators at Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian. The similarity in protection is noteworthy, given that pregnancy alters the immune system, and potentially the response to vaccination. The researchers also found […]

Carbon Ultrafine Particles Accelerate Lung Cancer Progression

In a new study Dr. Farrah Kheradmand and their team discovered that exposure to ultrafine particles alters the function of immune cells in the lungs, disabling their natural defense mechanism against tumors. They found that ultrafine particles change the cell’s primary energy source, creating new byproducts in the lungs. Accumulation of the new byproducts can […]

Stress Influences Brain and Psyche via Immune System

UZH researchers now show that a particular enzyme found in cells of the immune system enters the brain under stress. In mice, it causes them to withdraw and avoid social contact. This newly discovered connection between body and mind in stress-related mental illnesses could lead to new treatments for depression. An international research team has […]

New Light on a New Technique That Can Pinpoint the Causes and Treatments of Autoimmune Diseases

Conditions such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) — as well as failures within transplanted cells — are all caused by altered cytokine secretion of immune cells within the human body. To find treatments for such diseases, experts need to identify the genetic regulators of the secretion so they can explore the […]

Insights Into Treating Diabetes Type 2 Through Weight Loss

A new study finds that very few patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are able to achieve normal blood glucose levels through weight loss alone.  Clinical trials suggest that people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose levels without medication if they lose weight and keep it off. However, it is unknown how […]

A Small Molecule Blocks Aversive Memory Formation, Providing a Potential Treatment Target for Depression

“Depression affects millions of individuals worldwide, necessitating more effective treatments. Conventional methods, such as drug therapy with delayed onset of action and psychotherapy, have limitations in yielding satisfactory results for many patients. A pioneering advancement in treatment is urgently needed,” said Professor He Jufang. Previous research found that stress leads to neural plasticity changes in […]

Menopause and Migraines: Women Who Have Them Have a Slightly Higher Risk of Heart Disease and Stroke

For middle-aged women plagued by migraines, or hot flashes and night sweats, another worry may linger in the backs of their minds: whether these experiences have set them up for a heart attack, a stroke or another cardiovascular crisis. Kim and her colleagues at Michigan Medicine, U-M’s academic medical center, published the new pair of […]

Arterial Stiffness May Be a Better Predictor of Future Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Arterial stiffness was a better predictor of future risk of Type 2 diabetes than blood pressure, and people with a combination of high blood pressure and stiffer arteries had the highest risk of developing diabetes, according to new research. Previous studies have found that hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a risk factor for Type […]

AI May Aid in Diagnosing Adolescents with ADHD

ADHD is a common disorder often diagnosed in childhood and continuing into adulthood, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors or regulating activity. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to managing the condition. “ADHD is extremely difficult to diagnose and relies on […]

Ultra-Processed Foods Could Be the New ‘Silent’ Killer

Hundreds of novel ingredients never encountered by human physiology are now found in nearly 60 percent of the average adult’s diet and nearly 70 percent of children’s diets in the United States. While obesity and lack of physical activity are well recognized contributors to avoidable morbidity and mortality in the U.S., another emerging hazard is […]